Argentina (Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a country in the southern half of South America. It shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, and is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), and is the largest Spanish-speaking nation in the world. It is the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest country in the Americas, and the eighth-largest country in the world. Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital of the nation, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over a part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration, mainly Italians and Spaniards, radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook; 62.5% of the population has full or partial Italian ancestry, and the Argentine culture has significant connections to the Italian culture.The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh-wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. According to the Maddison Historical Statistics Project, Argentina had the world's highest real GDP per capita during 1895 and 1896, and was consistently in the top ten before at least 1920. Currently, it is ranked 71st in the world. Wikipedia -> A Journey Through the Diverse Landscapes of Argentina Nestled at the southern tip of South America, Argentina beckons travelers with its breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and vibrant cities. From the rugged peaks of the Andes to the endless expanse of the Pampas, this diverse country offers a tapestry of experiences for those seeking adventure, relaxation, and cultural immersion. Join us as we embark on a journey through the heart and soul of Argentina. Begin your exploration in the cosmopolitan capital of Buenos Aires, where the energy of the city pulses through its bustling streets and historic neighborhoods. Lose yourself in the grandeur of the Recoleta Cemetery, where ornate mausoleums and sculptures stand as testaments to the city's rich history. Stroll along the elegant boulevards of Palermo and Recoleta, where chic boutiques and quaint cafes beckon with their allure. But Argentina's allure extends far beyond its capital city. Venture into the wild and untamed landscapes of Patagonia, where towering peaks and sparkling lakes offer endless opportunities for adventure. Hike through the stunning landscapes of Los Glaciares National Park, where the iconic peaks of Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre dominate the horizon. Cruise through the icy waters of the Beagle Channel, where colonies of penguins and seals frolic amidst towering glaciers. For those seeking a taste of rural life, the rolling plains of the Pampas offer a glimpse into Argentina's gaucho culture. Visit traditional estancias where gauchos still roam the countryside, herding cattle and living off the land. Savor the flavors of authentic Argentine cuisine, with hearty asado barbecues and savory empanadas served alongside fine wines from the country's renowned vineyards. Argentina's cultural heritage is as diverse as its landscapes, with influences from indigenous peoples, European settlers, and immigrant communities. Explore the colorful streets of La Boca, where tango music fills the air and street artists showcase their talents. Discover the ancient ruins of the Inca Empire in the northwest, where the rugged landscapes of the Andes give way to lush valleys and fertile vineyards. No visit to Argentina would be complete without indulging in its world-renowned wines. Journey to the sun-drenched vineyards of Mendoza, where Malbec grapes thrive in the high-altitude terroir. Take a tour of local wineries, sampling exquisite wines paired with regional cuisine amidst stunning mountain vistas. As the sun sets on your journey through Argentina, you'll carry with you memories of breathtaking landscapes, vibrant cities, and warm hospitality. But perhaps most importantly, you'll carry with you a deep appreciation for the rich tapestry of culture, history, and natural beauty that makes Argentina a truly unforgettable destination.
Key info
Argentine peso
Spanish. Guaraní
43.6 million
1.07 million sq mi(2.78 million sq km)
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