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Aguascalientes (Spanish pronunciation: [ˌaɣwaskaˈljentes] (listen); lit. '"Hot Waters"'), officially the Free and Sovereign State of Aguascalientes (Spanish: Estado Libre y Soberano de Aguascalientes), is one of the 32 states which comprise the Federal Entities of Mexico. At 22°N and with an average altitude of 1,950 m (6,400 ft) above sea level it is predominantly of semi-arid climate (Bhs and Bhk), and it is located in the northern part of the Bajío region, in north-central Mexico, bordered by Zacatecas to the north, east and west, and by Jalisco to the south. As of 2019, Aguascalientes has a population of 1.4 million inhabitants, most of whom live in its capital city. Its name means "hot waters" and originated from the abundance of hot springs originally found in the area. The demonym for the state's inhabitants is hidrocálido or aguascalentense. Aguascalientes is one of the smallest states of Mexico, either by population or land, being the 27th most populated state and the 29th biggest states by area, nonetheless, it is the 4th state by population density, and its economic development in recent years have located it as the 7th state by Human-Development Index and the 8th with highest GDP per capita. It is one of the safest and most prosperous states in Mexico.Aguascalientes was historically known for its former railroad and textile industry, as well as wine making, an industry that remains stilll today. Aguascalientes is currently known for its industrial and economic development. In the 2010s decade, Aguascalientes became the fastest-growing state in the country for the whole decade. Aguascalientes is also well known for its San Marcos Fair (Feria Nacional de San Marcos), which is considered as the largest fair in Mexico and one of the largest in Latin America. Wikipedia ->